The orchids are not plants fragile, I know that many people say that it is difficult to grow orchids, they are delicate flowers, but the truth is that orchids are survivors, and dominant in their natural habitat.
Did you know that the family Orchidaceae to which belong the orchids are among the largest of the botanical groups of nature, which develop in almost all the continents – except Antarctica – are about 25 thousand species of plants and represent almost 8% of all the species of plants with seeds.
But, why this happens and why even with so many orchids they still have a high cost, before the other flowers?
The first thing you should know is that not all orchids are appreciated for their beauty, although there are a plethora of orchid species, very few of them have commercial value as ornamental plants and it is precisely these species, the “orchid beautiful”, that are among the endangered.
At the same time that the beauty of the orchid represents a risk, for some species, on the other hand also arouse thousands of admirers, aficionados in orchids, collectors, producers, who meet in associations, attending fairs and stimulate the artificial production of these threatened species, and consequently decrease the collection of plants present in nature.
A factor that contributes to the survival and propagation of orchids, which makes them one of the largest botanical families, is their capacity of reproduction between different species, creating hybrids fertile, which in turn can give life to other generations of hybrids fertile by cross-checking between numerous species of orchids.
This happens in a natural way, it is a mechanism of adaptation and survival of orchids, but is also a feature that piques the interest of the stub and producers, that can cross different species to obtain hybrids mixed with ease.
This characteristic of orchids generates doubts and controversies among researchers about the exact number of orchid species, because it is not well know that is kind of true and what would be an orchid hybrid.
It is estimated that the largest concentration of orchid species is in Colombia, where they were registered more than 4 thousand species in Brazil are almost the 2,600 species of orchids catalogued.
The majority of the species is of humid tropical climates and are epiphytes and live up in trees and use their roots for attachment, but they are not plant parasites, they feed only nutrients that focus on their roots when it rains with the help of a fungus called mycorrhiza that decomposes the organic matter into minerals that orchids absorb.
Other species of orchids are soil, some of which are present in soils with a rich quantity of organic matter, do not have chlorophyll and do photosynthesis, are called orchids saprophytic.
In the regions with the temperate climate and dry, there are species of terrestrial orchids that develop tubers to survive during the extreme temperatures.
How to take Care of Orchids
You must have noticed that there are a plethora of species and types of orchids, so the care of the orchids can be a bit complex, because of its variety.
The orchids epiphytes live on trees with their roots exposed, therefore, to cultivate them you must simulate its natural environment, when planted in pots, you should use substrates that are dry, such as gravel, moss, dried fibers of coconut, and the stones to drain the excess of water and preferably in earthen vessels, to drain even more water.
Brightness Ideal for Orchids
It is important to give conditions similar to the natural habitat of the orchids to keep them healthy and lush. In the trees, the orchids live in the half-shade receiving the sun indirectly which is filtered by branches and leaves of the trees.
The orchids and tropical, cultured in the home or apartment must receive indirect light, can be close to the window receiving the wind and the heat. You can expose your orchid to the sun early in the morning, but avoid leaves them for a long time so they are not dry.
Exposure too much sun causes the orchids to be with the leaves yellowish, so if this is the case change your orchid to a location shaded. Already the leaves are very dark, your orchid may be lacking in brightness.
How To Water Orchids
As for watering no need to water every day, your orchid, the orchids tropical absorb water through the humidity present in the air itself, growing in the house it is possible to water once a week, taking care that the substrate does not get soaked too much, just moist. In the summer, in the driest regions, it is indicated to do two to three watering a week.
Always test with the finger the substrate of the plant, if it is dry it is time to water, be careful not to kill your orchid by over watering, this is the biggest cause of death among the domestic plants.
Flowering of Orchids
Each species of orchid blooms in a given period, it is normal that your orchid lose their flowers, it does not mean that she is ill, only that is your moment of rest for a new station.
You will find in flower shops and Garden Center’s various products to fertilize the orchids, including substrates ready that already comes with fertilizer, however, is not indicated to fertilize or “pumping” too much for your orchid, as it may cause damage to the flower.
The best fertilizers are organic such as castor oil and the flour of bone, read the product instructions and place the fertilizer in one corner of the vase, so that the plant absorbs the product little by little, as you are effecting waterings.
Already the fertilization foliar (on the leaves) should be made at the end of the afternoon, after spraying the leaves with water for about 20 minutes before to open the pores.
These are some of the basic care recommended for orchids epiphytes, which are common in Brazil and other tropical regions.
Who really is passionate about orchids and want to grow a few or rare species, I recommend doing a full course to learn how to have specific care with a group of these wonderful flowers, so I’ll leave here the indication of this manual that teaches you how to care for orchids step-by-step, where it also has all of the pathologies that can happen with the plants and the ideal treatment for each pathology. This Manual has a very affordable price and is very valuable for anyone thinking of investing buying species of orchids.
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