Tajikistan Overview


Official name of the state

Republic of Tajikistan.




As a country located in Asia according to programingplease, Tajikistan borders Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan to the north, Afghanistan to the south and the People’s Republic of China to the east. 93% of the republic consists of mountains, of which the high mountains of the Pamir, rising to 7495 m, occupy the largest area. Due to the already inaccessible mountain landscape, it is impossible in winter to reach the east or north of the country without going through Kyrgyzstan or Uzbekistan. Cotton is mainly grown in the fertile plains of the southwest. In the northern region of Khujand (formerly Leninabad) cotton cultivation and silk production predominate.


Presidential republic since 1994. Constitution from 1994, last amendment 1999. Parliament (Majlisi Oli) with 96 members. Since 1991 independent state of the CIS.

Head of state

President Imomali S. Rachmanov, since 1992.

Head of government

Kokhir Rasulzoda, since November 2013.


220 V, 50 Hz.

Time zone

Tajikistan Time: CET +6

Tajikistan Overview



1 Tajik somoni = 100 diram. Currency abbreviation: S, TJS (ISO code). Banknotes are in circulation in denominations of 500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 3 and 1 S as well as 50, 20, 5 and 1 Diram. Coins in the amounts 50, 25, 20, 10 and 5 Diram as well as in 5, 3 and 1 S. The Somoni coins are hardly in circulation.
The Tajik somoni replaced the Tajik ruble.

Credit cards

Some hotels in the capital accept Visa, Diners Club and MasterCard. Outside of Dushanbe, credit cards are less common. There are a few ATMs in Dushanbe where you can withdraw cash with a credit card. Details from the issuer of the credit card in question.

ec / Maestro card / Sparcard

EC cards with the Maestro symbol are accepted worldwide. ATMs are marked with appropriate symbols, so you can see which cards work with which machines.

Attention: Travelers who pay abroad with their bank customer card and want to withdraw money should find out about the possibilities of using their card from their bank before starting their journey.

Bank opening times

Mon-Fri 9 a.m.-1 p.m.

Foreign exchange regulations

The import of the national currency is unlimited, its export is prohibited. The import of foreign currencies is unlimited; Declaration obligation. The export of foreign currencies is limited to the amount declared upon entry.

Currency Exchange

Payment in US dollars is preferred, but other currencies such as the euro are also accepted. All bills are usually paid in cash; Visitors must pay their hotel bill in foreign currency. For package tours and organized tours, however, accommodation is usually included in the price. Money should always be exchanged in the official exchange offices of the hotels or banks and the receipts should be kept.



The official language is Tajik, an old Persian language that belongs to the group of Iranian languages. There are at least five different languages in the Pamir Mountains, all of which are related to Old Iranian. Russian is also widely spoken and any discrimination against the Russian-speaking population is prohibited by law. English is also widely spoken in the tourism industry.




The following articles may be imported into Tajikistan duty-free (people over 18 years of age):

200 cigarettes or 100 cigars or 500 grams of tobacco;
2 l alcoholic beverages;
Perfume for personal use;
Other goods / gifts up to a value of US $ 500.

Jewelry up to a value of US $ 1,000.
Valuables should be declared upon entry in order to avoid problems upon departure (declaration document).


Business etiquette

Business hours: Mon-Fri 9 am-5pm / 6pm.


Federation of German Industries
(Eastern Committee of German Business)
Breite Strasse 29, D-10178 Berlin
Tel: (030) 20 28 14 52.
Internet: www.ostausschuss.de

Chamber of Commerce (Eastern Europe Department)
Stubenring 8-10, A-1010 Vienna
Tel: (01) 514 50.
Internet: http://portal.wko.at

United Economic
Chambers Sonnenbergstrasse 48, CH-8032 Zurich
Tel: (043) 268 43 00.
Internet: www.jointchambers.ch

Business contacts

Federation of German Industries
(Eastern Committee of German Business)
Breite Strasse 29, D-10178 Berlin
Tel: (030) 20 28 14 52.
Internet: www.ostausschuss.de

Chamber of Commerce (Eastern Europe Department)
Stubenring 8-10, A-1010 Vienna
Tel: (01) 514 50.
Internet: http://portal.wko.at

United Economic
Chambers Sonnenbergstrasse 48, CH-8032 Zurich
Tel: (043) 268 43 00.
Internet: www.jointchambers.ch



Automatic dial-up service only to Tajikistan. Long-distance calls abroad are generally handled by the long-distance exchange and can be made from telephone exchanges that are normally connected to the post offices (Rudaki prospectus, in Dushanbe). There are now also new private telephone offices. In addition, long distance calls can be made from some hotels, such as B. Hotel Tajikistan and Hotel Independence. For direct connections to the former member states of the Soviet Union, dial 8, wait for a dial tone and then dial the subscriber number. Local calls are free.


GSM 900. Cellular network operated by TajikTel, Indigo Tajikistan, Babilon-M, JSC Somoncom and Mobile Lines of Tajikistan.


The main providers are Telecomm Technology Internet: www.tajnet.com) and InterCom (Internet: www.tjinter.com). Both provide internet access to the public in their offices. The Central Asian Development Agency (Internet: www.tajik.net) maintains publicly accessible e-mail centers in major cities.

Post Office

Post to Western Europe takes between two weeks and two months. Postage paid envelopes can be purchased from post offices. The address should be written on the envelope in the following order: country, zip code, city, street, house number and finally the name of the addressee. Post office opening times: Sat-Thu 8 a.m.-6 p.m. Visitors can also use the post offices in the large hotels.


Since the use of shortwave frequencies changes several times over the course of a year, it is advisable to contact Deutsche Welle customer service directly (Tel: (+49) (0228) 429 32 08. Internet: www.dw-world.de) to request.



Supply bottlenecks are the order of the day; there is a bazaar and street market behind the Tajikistan Hotel in Dushanbe, where you can buy groceries and some handicrafts. You can also buy groceries at the Schohmansur Bazar (also called Ziljoni Bazaar) near Maidoni Aini. You can get souvenirs in the shop on the corner of Prospekt Rudaki and Kutschai Ismoili Somoni. Shop opening times: Mon-Sat 9 am-5pm (grocery stores and other shops).



There is a bar in the basement of Hotel Tajikistan that is open on some evenings. There is a restaurant in Hotel Oktyabrskaya, but it closes at 7:00 p.m. Opera and ballet performances take place in the theater on Prospect Rudaki (matinee performances only). The streets of Dushanbe are deserted after 8 p.m.




There are only a few hotels outside the capital. Although there are no accommodation restrictions for visitors, most of the hotels, apart from the large hotels in Dushanbe (Hotel Tajikistan and Hotel Independence), are not used to foreign visitors and only the most persistent requests are successful. The big hotels are clean and friendly. It is difficult to find accommodation outside the capital. In Khorog you can stay in the government dachas, but you shouldn’t expect western standards.



90% Islam, 10% Russian Orthodox and other minorities.

Social rules of conduct

Non (flat bread) should never be placed upside down. When entering a house, you take off your shoes, but keep your socks on. Short pants are extremely unusual. Therefore, women in shorts inevitably attract the attention of Tajik men.


Best travel time

Subtropical in the southwestern plains, otherwise continental climate. The temperatures in Dushanbe are between -12 ° C in December / January and 30 ° C in July / August. The humidity is generally low. In the mountains, temperatures drop to -50 ° C and in summer do not exceed 20 ° C.


Area code +992 Area (square km) 143 100 Population 8191958 Population density (per square km) 57 Population in 2015 Member of the EU No main emergency number 03

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